Agrarianism-movement for an agrarian reform and independence.
"Agrarian reforms" of the 18th and 19th centuries, which passed in England and Ireland, usually are considered as an agrarianism. This word designates any land reforms, which seek for more uniform distribution of farmlands.
The term "agrarianism" can be considered from two sides: first, the agrarianism belongs to social philosophy, which places emphasis on the peasant society, exceeding city and also on independent farmers as alternative to the wage worker and sees agricultural industry as a way of life which can create ideal social values. This ideology emphasizes superiority of simpler rural life, unlike difficult city, with its banks and factories.
Secondly, the term "agrarianism" means accurate political views of distribution of lands, especially distribution of land from the rich to poor or landless. This terminology is widespread in many countries and comes from "Lex SemproniaAgraria" or from "agrarian laws" of Rome 133 years BC, which was made by Tiberius Gracchus, who has occupied public lands (Ager publicus) used by the rich people and has extended them among the poor.
In the preface to the book "Agrarism in the American History" Thomas Inge gives definition to the following basic principles of an agrarism:
1. The agricultural industry is the only thing which provides complete independence and self-sufficiency.
2. City life, capitalism and technologies destroy independence and dignity, also promote forming of defects and weaknesses.
3. Agricultural community with its model of work and cooperation is optimum model of society.
4. The farmer has a strong position in a number of questions. He has feeling of identity, understands the value of historical and religious tradition, feels the belonging to a specific family, the place and the region which psychologically and culturally designated in him.
Processing of the soil cultivates positive spiritual qualities: honor, courage, self-confidence, courage, moral integrity and hospitality. These qualities are result of direct contact with the nature and God. (Landowners considered that they order chaos when cultivating the land).
Agricultural parties were invented in Eastern Europe during the period between 1860 and 1910 when the commercial agricultural industry began to break traditional way of life. Agrarian parties have supported reforms of land distribution in big estates, among people who worked there. They created cooperatives to keep profit from sale of harvest in local hands to improve their economy. Some parties had nationalist nature.
These parties rarely had any power before World War I, but some of them became powerful during a post-war era, especially in Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia. Some time, in 1920th and 1930th there was Green International (International agrarian bureau) on the basis of peasants parties in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland and Serbia. It functioned primarily as information center for farmers.
These parties consisted of the ordinary people therefore farmers had chance to be heard. But it wasn't favorable to new capitalist system which rapidly conquered Europe in 19-20 a century to have independent farmers, which were not part of general system, wanted an autonomy and didn't accept a condition of the approaching mechanization. As a result parties have been "strangled" and disbanded. (Parties of New Zealand and Australia have a few another story).
Thereof it is possible to understand that landowners of 19-20 centuries were moral, spiritual and free people. Comparing them to modern bumpkins at least silly. We see how these people put heart and soul in the work, we see as life in a nature bosom for them was something sacred.For people which lived by the own labor, the approaching capitalization and mechanization were real plague, as well as the next governor taking taxes from them. A will to independence and justice - absolutely normal thing which is deficiency for modern society. Looking at landowners we can take a useful example. During our era of decline, globalization and immorality, it is possible to find salvation from oppression of the present in small self-sufficient communities as landowners did it in due time.From history it is possible to give a set of similar examples: the movement Artaman in Germany or Lebensreform. Eagerness to a harmonious way of life is quite natural to the people. From here "legs" of organic farming grow about which we wrote earlier.
We must remember that commercial farming is extremely negatively reflected in natural balance. Practically all products are subject to chemical handling of harmful substances that with easily can be avoided on a small family farm. Over time plants become steady against different chemicals and scientists begin to look for roundabout ways and find them in GMO and new poisons which get to our organism and into the soil and ground water, settle there for many years then water becomes unsuitable not for drink, not for watering. Today there are small organic farms which do not use chemicals in the production, but the share of such farms, against industrial productions, is extremely small.
Capitalists are interested only in the wellbeing and anything else. The modern sensible person has to tell "no" to such progress. The system doesn't love independent people because it is impossible to influence them by the pseudo-promotion and the doubtful benefits. Therefore experience of landowners can help us with this hard fight against system.